Word Agreement Legal

Word Agreement in Legal Writing: Why It Matters and How to Get it Right

In legal writing, word agreement refers to the proper use of subject-verb agreement, pronoun-antecedent agreement, and agreement in number, tense, and voice. Word agreement is an essential element of professional legal writing because it helps convey meaning accurately and avoids ambiguity or confusion that can arise from incorrect grammar or syntax.

Why Word Agreement Matters in Legal Writing

Legal documents, such as contracts, briefs, and pleadings, are often complex and technical, containing specialized terminology, legal jargon, and intricate sentence structures. These documents are meant to convey precise meaning and avoid any ambiguity that could lead to disputes, misinterpretations, or errors in the legal process.

When word agreement is not observed, it can create confusion or ambiguity in legal documents, leading to a loss of credibility or even legal challenges. For example, a misplaced or mismatched verb can change the meaning of a sentence, making it unclear or even contradictory. A pronoun that does not agree in number or gender with its antecedent can create confusion about who or what is being referred to. Thus, proper word agreement is necessary to ensure that legal writing is clear, effective, and professional.

Tips for Achieving Proper Word Agreement in Legal Writing

1. Understand the rules of grammar and syntax

To achieve proper word agreement in legal writing, it is necessary to have a solid understanding of the rules of grammar and syntax. This includes knowledge of subject-verb agreement, pronoun-antecedent agreement, verb tense, voice, and number. A good resource for understanding these rules is a high-quality grammar book or style guide.

2. Use consistent language and terminology

Legal writing often involves the use of specialized terminology and jargon. To ensure proper word agreement, it is important to use consistent language and terminology throughout the document. This includes using consistent verb tenses, avoiding mixed constructions, and avoiding using pronouns that do not agree with their antecedents.

3. Edit and proofread carefully

Even the most experienced legal writers make mistakes in grammar and syntax. That`s why it is crucial to edit and proofread your document carefully, paying close attention to word agreement. This may involve using grammar check software, having a colleague review your document, or reading your document aloud to catch errors.

4. Seek professional help if necessary

If you are unsure about proper word agreement in your legal writing, seek professional help from a copy editor or a legal writing coach. These professionals can provide valuable feedback and guidance to ensure that your writing is clear, effective, and professional.


In legal writing, proper word agreement is essential to conveying accurate meaning and avoiding ambiguity or confusion. By observing the rules of grammar and syntax, using consistent language and terminology, and editing and proofreading carefully, legal writers can achieve proper word agreement and produce effective, professional documents.